What is SEND?

Special Educational Needs and Disabilities [SEND] is a term used to describe the needs of a child /young person who has a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her.

SEND covers a broad spectrum of difficulty or disability falling into four categories: cognition and learning; communication and interaction; sensory and/or physical; social, emotional and mental health.

Communication and Interaction

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – ADHD
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder – ASD
  • Speech, language and communication – SLCN

Cognition and Learning

  • Dyslexia and Dyscalculia – SpLD
  • Dyspraxia – DCD
  • Global Learning Delay – GLD
  • Moderate Learning Difficulty – MLD

Social, Emotional and Mental Health

  • Attachment difficulties
  • Pathological demand avoidance – PDA
  • Severe phobias
  • Social and emotional needs

Sensory/ Physical Needs

  • Hearing Impairment – HI
  • Physical or medical needs
  • Sensory Difficulties
  • Visual Impairment – VI

School are required by law to provide education for all students, regardless of ability or needs.

A young person has a learning difficulty or disability if he or she has a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age, or has a disability which prevents or hinders facilities of a kind generally provided for others of the same age.